We seek to convince private input suppliers (of seed, fertilizer, crop protection chemicals and equipment) to help finance smallholder agricultural extension services. Over time, as the private input supply chains become stronger, it is likely that they will provide extension services to farmers themselves, as has occurred in the industrialized sub-counties. However, in the near- and intermediate-term, partnerships are needed, between public and private organizations, and with farmer-based organizations as well.

 In this partnership model, governments would conduct most of the research on basic food crops and would play a leading role in providing extension services to smallholder farmers. Private input suppliers would help to finance field demonstrations and training programs. Farmer-based organizations would help to finance some of the local (village, township) operating costs for extension, including training and possibly stipends for community-based facilitators (extension paraprofessionals).