Much of the Theme 2 post harvest handling work is directed toward strengthening the completeness of commercially-oriented smallholder farmers engaged in Theme 1 (crop productivity enhancement) activities.
Theme 2 staff help farmers to improve the efficiency post harvest handling to improve the quality of grains, and other produce, which include among others, minimum breakage, free of impurities and disinfested.

Extension training programs sensitize farmers to market requirements for quality grain. Theme 2 seeks to introduce improved technology (largely mechanized) for threshing/shelling, drying and milling. Reducing post harvest storage losses is a priority for all participating smallholder farmers, whether they are food-insecure or more commercially oriented.